Question Details

Biology Final Exam A+ Complete Solutioncorrect answer key

Question posted by AskWilliam
  • Budget: $10.1 Normal
  • Subjects: Biology | Physical Anthropology |
  • Due on 15 Jul, 2018 10:27:51
  • Asked on 15 Jul, 2018 10:27:51
  • Past Due (date has already expired)

Biology Final Exam A+ Complete Solutioncorrect answer key

Biology final exam solution correct answer key

Question 1 (1 point)

 Which statement about evolution is FALSE?

Question 1 options:

According to evolutionary theory, you are related to a bacterium, to a yeast cell, to a snake, and to a whale. In fact, you are related to every species now alive on Earth, and to fossil species like dinosaurs as well.

Natural selection acts on genetic differences within a population to cause evolution. Individuals do not evolve.

Natural selection is about slow but steady progress. Through it, populations constantly get better-adapted. When this process is completed for all populations, evolution will come to a stop.

Evolution occurs constantly, without end; there is no endpoint in evolution.

Save

Question 2 (1 point)

 Negatively charged particles are found where in an atom?

Question 2 options:

In the nucleus

In a single layer outside the nucleus

In multiple layers outside the nucleus

Both inside and outside the nucleus

Save

Question 3 (1 point)

You have a solution that has a pH of 8 and need it to be pH 5. What do you do?

Question 3 options:

Add water

Add a base

Add an acid

Add a buffer

Save

Question 4 (1 point)

 What characteristic of carbon makes it a good backbone for creating diverse and durable molecules?

Question 4 options:

Carbon is a large atom.

Carbon forms four covalent bonds.

Carbon forms hydrogen bonds.

All of the above

Save

Question 5 (1 point)

Which of the following structures can be found together in eukaryotic cells?

Question 5 options:

cytoplasm and ribosomes

cytoplasm and plasma membrane

DNA and ribosomes

ribosomes and endoplasmic reticulum

Save

Question 6 (1 point)

Which of the following reactions or pathways is catabolic?

Question 6 options:

Breaking down ATP into ADP and phosphate.

Making starch from many glucose molecules.

Photosynthesis: which builds glucose from carbon dioxide using energy from light.

Making ATP from ADP and Phosphate.

Save

Question 7 (1 point)

In a metabolic pathway, a typical control mechanism is to have: ________

Question 7 options:

the final product have no effect on the enzyme responsible for its own production.

the final product inhibit an early step.

a reactant inhibit a late step.

a lack of reactant stimulate the pathway.

Save

Question 8 (1 point)

Mitosis results in ______ cells and meiosis results in _______ cells.

Question 8 options:

haploid, diploid

diploid, haploid

diploid, diploid

haploid, haploid

Save

Question 9 (1 point)

In beans yellow (Y) is dominant to green (y) and smooth (S) is dominant to wrinkled (s). What are the possible genotypes for the offspring of the following cross: YySS and YYSs.

Question 9 options:

YYSS, YYss, yySS, yyss

YS, yS, YS, yS

Yy, SS, YY, Ss

YYSS, YySS, YYSs, YySs

Save

Question 10 (1 point)

Red rose color is incompletely dominant over white rose color. If a red rose is crossed with a pink rose, what percentage of the offspring will be pink?

Question 10 options:

100

75

50

25

Save

Question 11 (1 point)

One of the products of cellular respiration is ________. 

Question 11 options:

water

sucrose

cellulose

oxygen

Save

Question 12 (1 point)

An ecologist is studying all the animals, plants, fungi and bacteria, as well as the interaction among them, in a forest? He is studying the _________ in the forest.

Question 12 options:

niche

biome

community

population

Save

Question 13 (1 point)

The temperature optimum for an enzyme is 37C. What will most likely happen if you increase the temperature from 37C to 50C?

Question 13 options:

The enzyme activity will not be affected

The enzyme activity will increase

The enzyme activity will decrease

The pH will increase

Save

Question 14 (1 point)

When celery is placed in a glass of pure water the solution inside its cells is _____ compared to the water.  

Question 14 options:

 selectively permeable

    isotonic

 hypertonic

hypotonic

Save

Question 15 (1 point)

 An ecosystem can be characterized as:

Question 15 options:

populations + community.

all species, population, and community interactions for organisms in a given area.

the abiotic components of the environment.

 all of the biological interactions, plus interactions with the abiotic environment, in a given area.

Save

Question 16 (1 point)

 Enzymes

Question 16 options:

catalyze reactions

prevent reactions from occurring

are found only in prokaryotes

all of those answers are correct

Save

Question 17 (1 point)

 This term refers to the maintenance of internal stability in a creature:

Question 17 options:

homeostasis

mutualism

parasitism

meiosis

Save

Question 18 (1 point)

 Steroids and waxes are

Question 18 options:

proteins

carbohydrates

lipids

nucleic acids

Save

Question 19 (1 point)

 Active transport DOES NOT require ATP

Question 19 options:

True

False

Save

Question 20 (1 point)

 In October of 2003, a raging wildfire swept through the mountain ecosystems in Southern California, burning everything in its path to the ground and driving away all of the animals. In order for the mountain ecosystem to re-establish itself, which member of the food web has to return first?

Question 20 options:

deer

coyotes

snake

grasses

Save

Question 21 (1 point)

 Carbohydrates are not

Question 21 options:

stored potential energy

made mostly of nitrogen and carbon.

broken down by cellular respiration.

made by producers.

Save

Question 22 (1 point)

 A primary consumer would eat:

Question 22 options:

secondary consumers

plants.

Bacteria.

rabbits.

Save

Question 23 (1 point)

 Diffusion is

Question 23 options:

One type of active transport

The movement of water across the cell membrane

The movement of molecules from an area of low concentration to an area of high concentration

The movement of molecules from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration

Save

Question 24 (1 point)

 Any individual organism has the potential to adapt to its environment, if it is given enough time and possesses a mechanism to generate variation.

Question 24 options:

True

False

Save

Question 25 (1 point)

 Once an adaptation appears, it remains in all the descendants unless the species becomes extinct

Question 25 options:

True

False

Save

Question 26 (1 point)

 When a founder population has a small gene pool, evolutionary change is more likely to be rapid than if the founder population has a large gene pool.

Question 26 options:

True

False

Save

Question 27 (1 point)

 When speciation occurs, the result is a huge dramatic change in the new species.

Question 27 options:

True

False

Save

Question 28 (1 point)

 When two groups are reproductively isolated, it can be reliably predicted that speciation will follow very soon.

Question 28 options:

True

 

False

Save

Question 29 (1 point)

 Codons are locate on

Question 29 options:

abiotic components

DNA

RNA

all of those

Save

Question 30 (1 point)

 Fossil evidence suggests that human ancestors arose one time in Africa.

Question 30 options:

True

False

Save

Question 31 (1 point)

 Sunlight influences vitamin D production is humans. 

Question 31 options:

True

False

Save

Question 32 (1 point)

 Mitochondria and chloroplasts of eukaryotic cells are very similar to prokaryotes

Question 32 options:

True

False

Save

Question 33 (1 point)

 Organisms that live in habitats with high levels of competition are more likely to produce defensive chemicals than those that live with little competition.

Question 33 options:

True

False

Save

Question 34 (1 point)

 The human population may continue to increase even though it surpasses carrying capacity. 

Question 34 options:

True

False

Save

Question 35 (1 point)

 A woman’s ovum will complete Meiosis II only, if fertilization has occurred.

Question 35 options:

True

False

Save

Question 36 (1 point)

 One human disease is caused by a change in the DNA from GAA to GTA.  This change is an example of: 

Question 36 options:

crossing over

a mutation

independent assortment

cytokinesis

Save

Question 37 (1 point)

 The main function of a ribosome is to ____________________. 

Question 37 options:

extract energy from glucose 

synthesize glucose 

store food in the form of fat 

synthesize proteins 

Save

Question 38 (1 point)

 The effectiveness of a medication containing growth hormone is tested on a group of young male rabbits 3 weeks of age. The best control group would be:  

Question 38 options:

any group of rabbits 

a group of young male rabbits 3 weeks of age, not given the medication 

a group of young female rabbits 3 weeks of age, not given the medication 

no control is required; just measure whether the rabbits grew 

Save

Question 39 (1 point)

 The number of _______________ in the outer shell of an atom determines the type of chemical bonds an atom can make. 

Question 39 options:

electrons

protons

ions

neutrons

Save

Question 40 (1 point)

 You find a cell of a type you have never seen before.  The cell has both a nucleus and a cell wall.  Therefore, you conclude, it must be a _______________ cell. 

Question 40 options:

liver

animal

bacterial

plant

Save

Question 41 (1 point)

 The gene pool of a population may change due to: 

Question 41 options:

migration

genetic drift

natural selection and mutation

all of the above

Save

Question 42 (2 points)

 What are "keystone species" in a community?

Question 42 options:

Save

Question 43 (2 points)

 What is "pseudoscience"?

Question 43 options:

Save

Question 44 (2 points)

 What are dependent variables?

Question 44 options:

Save

Question 45 (8 points)

 (Required)    You have read that inorganic fertilizers contribute to water pollution and would like to make a switch from inorganic fertilizers to organic compost in your vegetable garden. A friend graciously gives you a truck load of his compost. As a good researcher and critical thinker you are not convinced that organic compost will yield better results than the inorganic fertilizer you have used for years with good results. To draw your own conclusion based on scientific evidence you decide to conduct an experiment in your garden. State a good hypothesis, design an experiment (include test subjects, sample size, control(s), dependent and independent variables, type of data collected) and hypothetical results/conclusion. Does your conclusion support the hypothesis? 

Question 45 options:

Save

Question 46 (8 points)

 (Required)  The habitat of one species of tropical fish is red coral reefs.  The large majority of the fish in this population are red. A few individual fish carry a mutation that prevents the production of the red pigment; as a result these individual fish are white.The temperature of the ocean where these fish live gets warmer and warmer over a 10 year period, and as a result the coral is bleached and turns white. Use what you have learned about natural selection to explain how this bleaching event may have affected the evolution this fish population (not including possible direct effects of warmer temperatures on the fish).  Use appropriate terminology about evolution in your answer, including the terms natural selection, adaptive trait, and reproductive success.

Question 46 options:

Save

Question 47 (8 points)

 Describe the major land biome where you live. How have human activities affected native species? Include specific examples. 

Question 47 options:

Save

Question 48 (8 points)

 You scoop up a water sample from a local pond nearby, because you are curious about the possible microbes that might live there. After looking at several slides that held drops of the sample, you noticed two different kinds of cells: One kind was very small and had no separate internal structures; the other kind was much larger, and it contained several kinds of internal structures that were physically different from each other. Please name each cell and briefly describe their similarities and differences.

Question 48 options:

Save

Save All Responses

Attachments
Available Solutions
Biology Final Exam A+ Complete Solutioncorrect answer key

AskWilliam
  • Purchased: 5 times.
  • Submitted: 15 Jul, 2018 10:27:51
Question 1 (1 point) Which statement about evolution is FALSE? Question 1 options: According to evolutionary theory, you are related to a bacterium, to a yeast cell, to a snake, and to a whale. In fact, you are related to every species now alive on Earth, and to fossil species like dinosaurs as well. Natural selection acts on genetic differences within a population to cause evolution. Individuals do not evolve. Natural selection is about slow but steady progress. Through it, populations constantly get better-adapted. When this process is completed for all populations, evolution will come to a stop. Evolution occurs constantly, without end; there is no endpoint in evolution. Save Question 2 (1 point) Negatively charged particles are found where in an atom? Question 2 options: In the nucleus In a single layer outside the nucleus In multiple layers outside the nucleus Both inside and outside the nucleus Save Question 3 (1 point) You have a solution that has a pH of 8 and need it to be pH 5. What do you do? Question 3 options: Add water Add a base Add an acid Add a buffer Save Question 4 (1 point) What characteristic of carbon makes it a good backbone for creating diverse and durable molecules? Question 4 options: Carbon is a large atom. Carbon forms four covalent bonds. Carbon forms hydrogen bonds. All of the above Save Question 5 (1 point) Which of the following structures can be found together in eukaryotic cells? Question 5 options: cytoplasm and ribosomes cytoplasm and plasma membrane DNA and ribosomes ribosomes and endoplasmic reticulum Save Question 6 (1 point) Which of the following reactions or pathways is catabolic? Question 6 options: Breaking down ATP into ADP and phosphate. Making starch from many glucose molecules. Photosynthesis: which builds glucose from carbon dioxide using energy from light. Making ATP from ADP and Phosphate. Save Question 7 (1 point) In a metabolic pathway, a typical control mechanism is to have: ________ Question 7 options: the final product have no effect on the enzyme responsible for its own production. the final product inhibit an early step. a reactant inhibit a late step. a lack of reactant stimulate the pathway. Save Question 8 (1 point) Mitosis results in ______ cells and meiosis results in _______ cells. Question 8 options: haploid, diploid diploid, haploid diploid, diploid haploid, haploid Save Question 9 (1 point) In beans yellow (Y) is dominant to green (y) and smooth (S) is dominant to wrinkled (s). What are the possible genotypes for the offspring of the following cross: YySS and YYSs. Question 9 options: YYSS, YYss, yySS, yyss YS, yS, YS, yS Yy, SS, YY, Ss YYSS, YySS, YYSs, YySs Save Question 10 (1 point) Red rose color is incompletely dominant over white rose color. If a red rose is crossed with a pink rose, what percentage of the offspring will be pink? Question 10 options: 100 75 50 25 Save Question 11 (1 point) One of the products of cellular respiration is ________. Question 11 option...
Buy now to view full solution.

Ratings

There is no rating for this solution.
Facebook Comments