Lifespan Development and Personality Paper
An organized study of life’s different cycle phases of human beings is what developmental psychology sets out to accomplish. The psychological development of humans is also described through developmental psychology. Lifespan development study of humans involves psychological, behavior, and genetic alterations from birth to the end of one’s life. How one progresses through life is mainly influenced by environmental and hereditary (nature and nurture) factors that involve cognitive, physical, moral, personality, and social development
(Shonkoff & Phillips, 2000).
This paper will discuss the influences on physical and cognitive development of middle childhood years (6 – 12 years). As a child progresses into these years, physical, moral, cognitive, personal, and social traits are further developed. All of these traits are imperative in the personality development of humans. Understanding how humans develop traits as physical, moral, and social during the middle childhood years will give insight into lifespan development (Karpov, 2005).
Physical Development Factors
During childhood years, the physical development stage ranges from gross motor development skills to fine motor development skills. Hereditary factors are an important aspect in characteristic and physical development during childhood years. The physical stage is also witnessed by weight gain, body growth, and physical agility of the body. During the childhood stage, muscular movements and strength development increase. Movements such as running, walking, balance, and jumping also develop (Sternberg & Grigorenko, 2001).
The physical development factors are genes, nutrition, and environment. Genes dictate one’s physical features, based on the child’s parents and ancestors. Developed throughout the childhood years, the weight and height of the child will be based on the genes inherited from his or her parents. As an example, if the parents are tall in size, the likelihood of the child growing up to be tall is greater. Some genetic disorders, like diabetes, are likely to be passed onto the child (Karpov, 2005). One’s environment is another factor that will determine how a child’s physical and emotio...