Week 4 Complete Solution

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Question Details: #1578
Week 4 Complete Solution

1. (TCO A) The percentage-of-completion method must be used when certain conditions exist. Which of the following is NOT one of those necessary conditions?(Points : 5)

       Estimates of progress toward completion, revenues, and costs are reasonably dependable.
       The contractor can be expected to perform the contractual obligation.
       The buyer can be expected to satisfy some of the obligations under the contract
       The contract clearly specifies the enforceable rights of the parties, the consideration to be exchanged, and the manner and terms of settlement.


Question 2.2. (TCO A) Tim Construction Co. began operations in 2014. Construction activity for 2014 is shown below. Tim uses the percentage of completion method.


Contract Price



Costs to

Costs to



















Which of the following should be shown on the Balance Sheet on Dec 31, 2014 related to Contract 1? (Points : 5)

       $1,200,000 Inventory
       $3,500,000 Current liability
       $1,400,000 Inventory
       $4,900,000  Current liability


Question 3.3. (TCO B) K  Corporation's partial income statement after its first year of operations is as follows: 
Income before Income Taxes        $3,750,000
Income Tax expense      
   Current                 $1,035,000
   Deferred                      90,000
                              __________      1,125,000
Net Income                                    $2,625,000
K uses the straight-line method of depreciation for financial reporting purposes and accelerated depreciation for tax purposes. The amount charged to depreciation expense on its books this year was $1,200,000. No other differences existed between book income and taxable income except for the amount of depreciation. 
Assuming a 30% tax rate, what amount was deducted for depreciation on the corporation's tax return for the current year? (Points : 5)



Question 4.4. (TCO B) A deferred tax liability is classified on the balance sheet as either a current or a noncurrent liability. The current amount of a deferred tax liability should generally be (Points : 5)

       the net deferred tax consequences of temporary differences that will result in net taxable amounts during the next year.
       totally eliminated from the financial statements if the amount is related to a noncurrent asset.
       based on the classification of the related asset or liability for financial reporting purposes.
       the total of all deferred tax consequences that are not expected to reverse in the operating period or one year, whichever is greater.


Question 5.5. (TCO C) On January 1, 2008, Kinder Co. has the following balances: 
Projected benefit obligation    $2,100,000
Fair value of plan assets          1,800,000
The settlement rate is 10%. Other data related to the pension plan for 2014 are:
Service cost                                                                $180,000
Amortization of unrecognized prior service costs      60,000
Contributions                                                                300,000
Benefits paid                                                                105,000
Actual return on plan assets                                        237,000
Amortization of unrecognized net gain                         18,000
The balance of the projected benefit obligation at December 31, 2014 is (Points : 5)



Question 6.6. (TCO C) Presented below is pension information related to Woods, Inc. for the year 2013.

Service cost                                                                                $84,000 
Interest on projected benefit obligation                                           $46,000 
Interest on vested benefits                                                            $30,000 
Expected return on plan assets                                                     $21,000 

The amount of pension expense to be reported for 2013 is (Points : 5)



Question 7.7. (TCO D) Lease methods of accounting are (Points : 5)

       operating and sales leaseback methods.
       operating and capital lease methods.
       leveraged and operating lease methods.
       None of the above 


Question 8.8. (TCO D) Advantage(s) of leasing versus buying equipment is (are) (Points : 5)

       100% financing at fixed rates.
       off-balance-sheet financing.
       less costly financing.
       All of the above 


Question 9.9. (TCO D) Pirate, Inc. leased equipment from Shoreline Enterprises under a four-year lease requiring equal annual payments of $425,000, with the first payment due at lease inception. The lease does not transfer ownership, nor is there a bargain purchase option. The equipment has a 4-year useful life and no salvage value. Pirate, Inc.’s incremental borrowing rate is 10% and the rate implicit in the lease (which is known by  Pirate, Inc.) is 8%. Assuming that this lease is properly classified as a capital lease, what is the amount of interest expense recorded by Pirate, Inc. in the first year of the asset’s life?

                                    PV Annuity Due PV Ordinary Annuity
            8%, 4 periods               3.5771              3.31213
            10%, 4 periods             3.48685            3.16986 (Points : 5)



Question 10.10. (TCO D) On January 2, 2013, Bentley Co. leases equipment from Harry's Leasing Company with five equal annual payments of $30,000 each, payable beginning December 31, 2013. Bentley Co. agrees to guarantee the $60,000 residual value of the asset at the end of the lease term. Bentley’s incremental borrowing rate is 10%; however, it knows that Harry’s implicit interest rate is 8%. What journal entry would Harry's Leasing Company make at January 2, 2013 assuming this is a direct–financing lease?
                                                PV Annuity Due PV Ordinary Annuity    PV Single Sum
            8%, 5 periods                 4.31213                     3.99271                     0.68058
            10%, 5 periods               4.16986                      3.79079                    0.62092 (Points : 5)

       Lease Receivable                 $150,979          
            Equipment                                $150,979
       Lease Receivable                  $119,781          
            Loss                                     $90,219
            Equipment                                $210,000
       Lease Receivable                  $210,000          
            Equipment                               $210,000
       Lease Receivable                  $160,616          
            Equipment                                $160,616 


Question 11.11. (TCO D) Lease A does not transfer ownership of the property to the lessee by the end of the lease term, but the lease term is equal to 75% of the estimated economic life of the leased property. Lease B does not contain a bargain purchase option, but the lease term is equal to 90% of the estimated economic life of the leased property. How should the lessee classify these leases? (Points : 5)

       (Lease A) Operating lease      (Lease B) Capital lease
       (Lease A) Operating lease      (Lease B) Operating lease
       (Lease A) Capital lease      (Lease B) Capital lease
       (Lease A) Capital lease      (Lease B) Operating lease


  1. (TCO B) Define temporary differences, future taxable amounts, and future deductible amounts
  2.  (TCO C) Measuring, recording, and reporting pension expense and liability. 
    Feeble Co. on January 1, 2011 initiated a noncontributory, defined-benefit pension plan that grants benefits to its 100 employees for services rendered in years prior to the adoption of the pension plan. The total expected service-years of the 100 employees who are expected to receive benefits under the plan is 1,200. An actuarial consulting firm has indicated that the present value of the projected benefit obligation on January 1, 2011 was $5,040,000. On December 31, 2011 the following information was provided concerning the pension plan's operations for its first year.

     Employer's contribution at end of year $1,600,000
     Service cost 600,000
     Projected benefit obligation 6,043,200
     Plan assets (at fair value) 1,600,000
     Expected return on plan assets 9%
     Settlement rate 8%


    (a) Compute the pension expense recognized in 2011. Assume the prior service cost is amortized over the average remaining service life of the employees.
    (b) Prepare the journal entries to reflect accounting for the company's pension plan for the year ended December 31, 2011.
    (c) Indicate the amounts that are reported on the income statement and the balance sheet for 2011. (Points : 35)
  3. (TCO A)  Chicago contractors got  $5,400,000 contract to construct a school building for the City of Chicago. Work on this contract began in 2013 and the financial data pertaining to this contract is available here.

    Cost incurred till Dec.31, 2013                      $1,080,000
    Billings made to City                                      $1,000,000
    Amount collected from City                            $  750,000

    The estimated future cost to complete this contract is $3,240,000. 
    (a) Prepare Chicago contractors 2013 journal entries using percentage of completion method.

    (b) Show how the contract accounts will appear in the Balance Sheet of Chicago Contractors on 12/31/2013.
  4.  (TCO B) Hertz Co. prepared the following reconciliation of its pretax financial statement income to taxable income for the year ended December 31, 2013, its first year of operations:

    Pretax financial income                                                                            $300,000
    Nontaxable interest received on municipal securities                       (15,000)
    Estimated warranties not deductible for tax purpose in 2013              35,000
    Depreciation in excess of financial statement amount                    (30 ,000)
    Taxable income                                                                                        $290,000

    Hertz’s tax rate for Year 2013 and for future years is 40%.

    (a) In its Year 1 income statement, what amount should Hertz report as income tax expense-current portion?
    (b) In its December 31, 2013  balance sheet, what amount  should Hertz report as deferred income tax liability/asset?
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Solution Details: #1564
Week 4 Complete Solution

Whenever there is a difference between book income and taxable income, it is due to the permanent difference or temporary difference. Temporary differences are those adjustments which will be reversed in future period. ...
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